What is TRiO/SSS?
TRiO Student Support Services (SSS) is a comprehensive program of intensive support services, funded by the U.S. Department of Education, which is designed to increase retention and graduation rates and to facilitate transfer from SEARK to a 4-year college or university.
The purpose of the SSS program is to increase the number of disadvantaged low-income college students, first-generation college students, and college students with disabilities who successfully complete a program of study at the postsecondary level.
Who is eligible?
- First-Generation College Student (neither parent/guardian has Bachelor’s degree) and/or
- Low Income (based on Federal Income Guidelines) and/or
- Student with Disabilities (verification required)
- Academic, Career, and Transfer Counseling/Advising
- Personal Educational Planning
- Tutorial Services (by appointment/availability)
- Financial Aid and Scholarships Information and Guidance
- Academic Success Workshops
- Cultural Enrichment Activities
- Pell Supplemental Grant Aid Awards (based on eligibility of funds)
Application to TRiO/SSS:
To participate in the Student Support Services program at SEARK, you must apply and be accepted to the program. Applications are available in the SSS office located in the Student Affairs Building, or may be downloaded here.
To meet federal TRiO eligibility requirements, you must meet one of the following:
- Have low taxable family income OR
- Be a first generation college student (which means neither of your parents hold a 4-year degree) OR
- Have a documented disability.
Additionally, you must:
- Be a U.S. citizen or permanent resident AND
- Have a need for academic support.
IMPORTANT NOTE: Our SEARK SSS program is funded to provide services to 160 students each year. Once you are accepted to participate in the program, you are expected to continue taking advantage of the comprehensive services we offer until your graduation and/or transfer to a 4-yr college. You are expected to stay in touch with our staff throughout your enrollment at SEARK.
The History of TRiO
TRIO is a set of federally-funded college opportunity programs that motivate and support students from disadvantaged backgrounds in their pursuit of a college degree. More than 840,000 low-income, first-generation students and students with disabilities — from sixth grade through college graduation — are served by more than 2,900 programs nationally. TRIO programs provide, personal counseling, mentoring, financial guidance, academic tutoring and other supports necessary for educational access and retention. TRIO programs provide direct support services for students, and relevant training for directors and staff.
Where Did TRiO Originate?
The TRIO programs were the first national college access and retention programs to address the serious social and cultural barriers to education in America. (Previously only college financing had been on policymakers' radar.) TRIO began as part of President Lyndon B. Johnson's War on Poverty. The Educational Opportunity Act of 1964 established an experimental program known as Upward Bound. Then, in 1965, the Higher Education Act created Talent Search. Finally, another program, Special Services for Disadvantaged Students (later known as Student Support Services), was launched in 1968. Together, this “trio” of federally-funded programs encouraged access to higher education for low-income students. By 1998, the TRIO programs had become a vital pipeline to opportunity, serving traditional students, displaced workers, and veterans. The original three programs had grown to eight, adding Educational Opportunity Centers in 1972, Training Program for Federal TRIO programs in 1976, the Ronald E. McNair Post-baccalaureate Achievement Program in 1986, Upward Bound Math/Science in 1990, and the TRIO Dissemination Partnership in 1998.
Who Is Served?
As mandated by Congress, two-thirds of the students served must come from families with incomes at 150% or less of the federal poverty level and in which neither parent graduated from college. More than 2,900 TRIO projects currently serve more than 840,000 low-income Americans. Many programs serve students in grades six through 12. Thirty-seven percent of TRIO students are Whites, 35% are African-Americans, 19% are Hispanics, 4% are Native Americans, 4% are Asian-Americans, and 1% are listed as "Other," including multiracial students. More than 7,000 students with disabilities and approximately 6,000 U.S. veterans are currently enrolled in the TRIO programs as well.
Why Are TRiO Programs Important?
The United States needs to boost both its academic and economic competitiveness globally. In order to foster and maintain a healthy economy as well as compete globally, the United States needs a strong, highly-educated, and competent workforce. To be on par with other nations, the country needs students, no matter their background, who are academically prepared and motivated to achieve success.
Low-income students are being left behind. Only 38% of low-income high school seniors go straight to college as compared to 81% of their peers in the highest income quartile. Then, once enrolled in college, low-income students earn bachelor's degrees at a rate that is less than half of that of their high-income peers — 21% as compared with 45%.
The growing achievement gap in our country is detrimental to our success as a nation. There is a tremendous gap in educational attainment between America's highest and lowest income students - despite similar talents and potential. While there are numerous talented and worthy low-income students, relatively few are represented in higher education, particularly at America's more selective four-year colleges and universities. While nearly 67% of high-income, highly-qualified students enroll in four-year colleges, only 47% of low-income, highly-qualified students enroll. Even more startling, 77% of the least-qualified, high-income students go on to college, while roughly the same proportion of the most-qualified low-income students that go on to college. (ACSFA 2005)
The growing achievement gap in our country is detrimental to our success as a nation. There is a tremendous gap in educational attainment between America's highest and lowest income students - despite similar talents and potential. While there are numerous talented and worthy low-income students, relatively few are represented in higher education, particularly at America's more selective four-year colleges and universities. While nearly 67% of high-income, highly-qualified students enroll in four-year colleges, only 47% of low-income, highly-qualified students enroll. Even more startling, 77% of the least-qualified, high-income.
Contact TRiO/SSS Staff:
Nancy Pearce, Program Director
Bobby Hyatt, Counselor
Marlene Ferguson, Language Arts Specialist
Russel Carnes, Math Specialist
Dora Jones, Administrative Specialist